JAMB Syllabus for Home Economics 2024/2025 | PDF Download

JAMB Syllabus For Home economics

The Joint Admission and Matriculation Board (JAMB) has published the Home Economics syllabus for the 2024/2025 academic year.

This initiative is designed to assist students in their preparation for the upcoming Unified Tertiary Matriculation Examination (UTME).

Objectives of JAMB Syllabus For Home Economics

The JAMB syllabus for Home Economics is intended to prepare students for the test that the Board gives. The purpose of this syllabus is to assess students’ development and determine whether they have met the course objectives, which include:

  • Acquiring knowledge of the concepts and principles of Home Economics.
  • Apply the guidelines of foods and nutrition to meal planning and adopting safe, sanitary habits.
  • Being able to select appropriate clothing for all occasions and body types.
  • Applying the knowledge of housing selection, planning the interior space arrangement of furniture, and furnishing the home.

Topics Under JAMB Syllabus for Home Economics

The JAMB syllabus for Home Economics is broken up into four sections.

Section A: Home Economics Education

Topics 1: Home Economics

  • Scope, importance, and meaning of Home Economics.
  • Ideals and objectives of Home Economics.

Candidates should be capable of the following:

  • Examining the relevance of Home Economics to the individual, family, and society;
  • Identifying the objectives of Home Economics.
  • Determining the scope of Home Economics.

Topics 2: Careers|Areas in Home Economics

  • Home Management – Interior decoration, Credit management, and Florist.
  • Foods and Nutrition – Catering, Dietetics, Nutritionist, and Public Health Education
  • Clothing and Textile – Fashion Designing
  • Family and Child Development – Childhood Education
  • Teaching
  • Counseling
  • Media
  • Research

Candidates should be capable of the following:

  • Recommending possible vocations in the different areas of Home Economics.
  • Relating skills required for each vocation.
  • Assessing the benefits of each vocation to the individual and society.
  • Identifying current vocations in Home Economics.
  • Identifying sources of career information.

Topic 3: Interrelationship of Home Economics With Other Subjects

  • Biology
  • Geography
  • Chemistry
  • Physics
  • Agricultural Science
  • Fine Arts
  • Economics
  • Mathematics

Candidates should be capable of the following:

  • Comparing the different areas of study from which Home Economics derives its knowledge.
  • Determining the contributions of these subjects to Home Economics.

Section B: Home Management

Topic 1: Principles of Home Management

  • Meaning of Home Management
  • Steps in the management process
  • Decision-making: meaning and process
  • Motivation for Home Management

Candidates should be capable of the following:

  • Highlighting the meaning of Home Management
  • Identifying steps involved in the management process;
  • Determining issues for decision-making in the home;
  • Examining the role of motivators in home management.

Topic 2: Resources

Human Resources: definition and types
  • Time management; definition/ types
  • Types of work time
  • Factors influencing the use of time
  • Advantages of time management
  • Energy, definition, and reasons for energy management. Work simplification – its purpose – guidelines for work simplification and time-saving gadgets.
  • Skills, creativity, attitudes, etc.
Material Resources: Definition|Varieties
  • Income and money management – meaning and varieties of income and money management guidelines.
  • Household budgeting – making a budget, economic security of the family, bank accounts, traditional savings, building societies, and insurance.

Topic 3: Family Living

The definition and types of family
  • The advantages and disadvantages of different Family types.
  • The role of a family life cycle
Family Relationships
  • Husband/wife relationship
  • Parent/child relationship
  • Brother/sister or sibling relationships
  • Factors that influence family relationships
Fundamental Personality Profile
  • Definition of Personality
  • Extroversion, introversion, and Anxiety/stability
  • Adolescents and their problems
  • Family crises

Candidates must be able to;

  • Compare the different types of families.
  • Differentiate between the different types of relationships that exist in the family.
  • Determine factors that influence family relationships.
  • Assess the influence of family size on family relationships.
  • Identify the characteristics and challenges of Adolescents.
  • Compare the basic personality profiles (extrovert, introvert).
  • Identify different types of family crises.
  • Suggest various ways of solving family crises.

Topic 4: Marriage and Sex Education

  • Definition of marriage
  • Boy/Girl relationship
  • Courtship
  • Factors to consider when choosing a partner
  • Preparing for marriage
  • Definition and purpose of engagement
  • Varieties of marriage; Islamic, Christian, Court, and Traditional
  • Planning a family

Candidates must be able to;

  • Differentiate between the various types of marriages in Nigeria.
  • Contrast the advantages and disadvantages of inter-tribal marriages.
  • Analyze the role of courtship and engagement in marriages.
  • Examine the various ways of planning a family.

Topic 5: Pregnancy and Childbirth

  • Menstruation, pregnancy and childbirth, labor, delivery, and post-natal care.
  • Childcare-baby’s layette care of the baby, bathing, feeding, etc.
Care of toddlers
  • Common ailments in children.
  • Immunization.
Child development
  • Stages of child development; social and emotional
  • Good habits and character training
  • Play and play materials

Candidates must be able to;

  • Describe the whole process from conception to birth.
  • Determine the care an infant needs from birth to 5 years.
  • Determine the factors that affect pregnancy.
  • Analyze complications that arise during labor.
  • Differentiate between the different stages of labor
  • Identify the signs of common ailments in children.
  • Trace the different stages of development in children
  • Recommend suitable play materials for children.

Topic 6: Family Housing

Home and Houses
  • Different types of houses
  • The factors that affect the choice of a house
  • The ways of acquiring a house
Interior decoration
  • Wall finishing
  • The application of guidelines of art and design
  • Colors
  • Textures
  • Lines
  • Proportions
Furniture and Home Furnishings
  • Types
  • The Factors that affect choices and position
Home Utilities
  • Water, light, etc.
  • Cooking fuels, e.g., gas, coal, kerosene, and firewood.

Candidates must be able to;

  • Differentiate between a house and a home.
  • Determine the various factors that influence residential choice.
  • Identify items that beautify living areas.
  • Suggest suitable colors, textures, and other related factors that should be considered in interior decoration.
  • Determine factors that influence the choice and arrangement of furniture.
  • Compare different floral arrangements.
  • Identify utilities in the home.
  • Assess the advantages and disadvantages of these utilities to their alternatives.

Topic 7: Home Surface

  • Different types and care of surfaces and coverings
  • The Identification, preparation, and use of cleaning agents such as water, soap, abrasives, and polish
  • Wood, tiles, Formica, concrete plastics, linoleums, mats, rugs, and terrazzo.
  • Care, sweeping, washing, dusting, shampooing, buffing, and polishing.

Candidates must be able to;

  • Identify common surfaces in the homes.
  • Suggest cleaning agents and their uses in the home.
  • Note the materials needed for preparing local cleaning agents.
  • Compare the care of wood, plastic, concrete, rugs, mats, and linen.

Topic 8: Home Sanitation

  • Types of drainage systems
  • Disposal of household refuse
  • Pest menace
  • Pest control
  • Pollution and health hazards

Candidates must be able to;

  • Differentiate between the different types of liquid household refuse.
  • Suggest ways of disposing of household refuse.
  • Identify some diseases transmitted by pests.
  • Examine sources of pollution.
  • Determine the health hazards of pollution.

Topic 9: Consumer Education

  • Definition and significance of consumer education
  • Definition and varieties of market.
  • Distributors or consumer agents
  • Sources of consumer information
  • Purchasing practices
  • Advertising
  • Consumer rights and responsibilities

Candidates must be able to;

  • Identify the different types of media used by advertisers.
  •  Assess the advantages and disadvantages 0f advertising.
  •  Determine the different sources of consumers, advice, and information.
  •  Apply the guidelines of consumer education to wise shopping.
  •  Analyze the rights and responsibilities of the consumer.

Section C: Food and Nutrition

Topic 1: Food and Nutrition

Definition of Food and Nutrition
  • Classification of nutrients – their source, function, and deficiency diseases.
  • Classification of foods – cereals, fats and oils, sugars, milk and milk products, meat, fish, pulses, nuts, fruits, and vegetables.
  • Digestive system.
  • Nutrition for special groups; toddlers, infants, children, adolescents, etc.

Candidates must be able to;

  • Differentiate between the following terms: food nutrients, carbohydrates, mineral elements, fatty acids, enzymes, metabolism, and digestion.
  •  Analyze the process through which the body breakdown large food molecules.
  •  Recommend the nutritional need of special groups.

Topic 2: Meal Planning

The Principles of Meal Planning
  • Differentiate between dietary needs and meals for special occasions/groups.
  •  Preparation and serving of meals.
  •  Snacks and beverages.
  • Table setting, Table manners, and Hostessing.

Candidates must be able to;

  • Identify factors that influence the choice and preparation of food.
  • Plan meals for special groups/occasions.
  • Compare different types of table settings.
  • Determine the qualities of a good hostess.

Topic 3: Cookers and Cooking

  • Different types of cookers
  • Reasons for Cooking
  • Different methods of cooking
  • Heat transference by conduction, convection, and radiation
  • Care of cookers
  • Dry and moist methods of cooking

Candidates must be able to;

  • Suggest reasons for cooking food.
  • Identify different types of cookers and their care.
  • Group the methods of cooking into the following: Moist methods, Dry methods, Fast methods, and Slow methods.

Topic 4: Flours and Its Uses

  • Different types and uses of flour
  • Raising agents, e.g., air, yeast, palm wine, steam, etc.

Candidates must be able to;

  • Identify different types of flours and their uses.
  • Select the appropriate raising agents for basic mixtures.
  • Use flour to produce assorted food items.

Topic 5: Basic Mixtures

  • Pastries/Batters
  • Definition/uses

Candidates must be able to;

  • Differentiate between the different types of batters and pastries
  • Use of batters and pastries for different purposes.

Topic 6: Recipes

  • Scientific methods in food and nutrition
  • Measure units and accuracy
  • Various nutrient tests in food, e.g., test for protein, fats, and carbohydrates.

Candidates must be able to;

  • Develop basic recipes in food preparation.
  • Demonstrate skills in unit measurements.
  • Detect the nutrient in different foods.

Topic 7: The Kitchen

  • The different types of kitchens; include arrangement, tools and equipment, selection, use, and care.

Candidates must be able to;

  • Compare large and small kitchen equipment and tools.
  • Determine the factors to consider in selecting tools and equipment.

Topic 8: Safety and Hygiene

Common accidents in the home
  • Causes of accidents in the home
  •  Preventive measures.
First Aid
  • Definition/components of a first aid kit
  • Simple first aid for; burns, scalds, cuts, bruises, bleeding, electric shock, poisoning, choking, and bites.
Kitchen, Personal, and Food Hygiene
  • Communicable and non-communicable diseases.
Sense Organs
  • Exercise and cosmetics care of sense organs.

Candidates must be able to;

  • Identify common accidents in the homes.
  • Suggest ways of making the home a safe place to live in.
  • Specify items that should be included in a first-aid kit
  • Suggest simple first aid for scalds, cuts, bleeding, burns, etc.
  • Detect different ways in which food can be contaminated.
  • Compare infectious and non-infectious diseases and their preventive measures.

Topic 9: Food Preservation and Storage

Definition and reason for preservation
  • Causes of food spoilage
  • The principles of food preservation
  • Different methods of food preservation
Convenience Food
  • Definition and variety
  • Guidelines for selection
  • Additives to convenience foods
Rechauffe Dishes
  • Definition, guidelines, and varieties.The advantages and disadvantages of Rechaufe dishes.

Candidates must be able to;

  • Identify different agents of food spoilage.
  • Analyze the principles involved in the preservation and storage of foods.
  • Compare the advantages and disadvantages of food preservation.
  • Identify different convenience foods.
  • Compare the advantages and disadvantages of using convenience foods.
  • Determine guidelines for selecting convenience foods.
  • Identify additives used in convenience foods.
  • Compare the advantages and disadvantages of rechauffe dishes.

Topic 10: Home Gardening

  • Meaning
  • Some common gardening tools
  • Advantages of home gardening

Candidates must be able to;

  • Determine the procedure involved in home gardening.
  • Identify gardening tools.
  • Assess the economic importance of home gardening.

Section D: Textile and Clothing

Topic 1: Fabrics and Fibres

Root of fibers
  • Meaning of textile terms, e.g., fibers, fabrics, yarn, staple, filament, blends, and dye.
  • Properties and classification of fibers, e.g., cotton, rayon, and silk
  • Fabric finishes – moth-proofing, durable pleating, embossing, flame-proofing, and stain-repellant
  • Textile labeling – definition and variety, cleaning and iron symbols, wool symbols, and recognition of washing.

Candidates must be able to;

  • Differentiate between weaves by making use of diagrams
  • Determine the characteristics of fabrics;
  • Identify the purpose for giving finishing to fabrics
  • Compare different types of labels found on clothing.
  • Assess the importance of labels on garments.

Topic 2: Garment Construction and Sewing Equipment

  • Sewing Machine – types, parts, use, and its care.
  • The basic processes in garment construction are stitches, seams, edge finishes, and crossway strips.
  • Style features – collars, yokes, pockets, frills, cuts, and belts.
  • Fullness arrangements – darts, tuck gathering, pleats, smocking, and shirring.
  • Decorative design and decorative stitches, needlecraft, e.g., tatting, crocheting, knitting, appliqué, patchwork, and soft toys.
  • Simple processes and mending garments, e.g., patching, batik/tie, darning, renovation, and dye.
  • Construction of Garment – figure types, body measurement, choice of styles for different figures.
  • Wardrobe maintenance and planning – basic rules in wardrobe planning, factors affecting wardrobe planning, weather, occupation, and personal features.
  • Dress sense, good grooming, and accessories – Meaning.

Candidates must be able to;

  • Identify the varieties and parts of a sewing machine.
  • Describe various processes in garment construction.
  • Apply basic processes in garment construction.
  • Determine different style features on garments.
  • Determine different style features to enhance the beauty and quality of garments.
  • Apply different decorative designs on fabrics.
  • Differentiate between the different types of household clothing using various designs.
  • Apply the knowledge of sewing to mend and renovate garments.
  • Compare the processes of making batik/tie and dye.
  • Relate body figures to the selection of different styles and fabrics.
  • Determine factors that affect the choice of clothing.
  • Identify different factors to consider in wardrobe planning
  • Compare the following terms; Good grooming, Dress sense, Accessories, and Colour harmony.

Topic 3: Care of Clothes and Laundry

  • Finishing processes and washing – sorting, mending, removing stains, soaking, rinsing, drying, and ironing.
  • Laundry agents – water, soaps, detergents, stiffness, and disinfectants.
  • Stains – definition, varieties, removing agents, and removal process.
  • Ironing temperature and Iron.

Candidates must be able to;

  • Arrange the processes involved in washing and finishing clothing in the correct order.
  • Compare the role of stiffeners and disinfectants in laundry work.
  • Suggest different ways of removing common stains.
  • Differentiate between; Laundry agents, Stains, and Ironing temperatures.

PDF Download of JAMB Syllabus For Home Economics 2024/2025

You can now download the JAMB Home Economics syllabus as you prepare for your exams.


The Joint Admission and Matriculation Board (JAMB) syllabus for Home Economics is a crucial tool that guides candidates on the pertinent topics to concentrate on in preparation for the forthcoming JAMB examinations.

It is noteworthy that an estimated 99% of the examination questions will be based on the information outlined in the syllabus.

Candidates are advised to download the syllabus, which is available in PDF format, within the post.

Additionally, it is beneficial to share this resource with colleagues to aid in achieving exceptional results in their examinations.

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