JAMB Syllabus for Physical and Health Education 2024/2025 | PDF Download

JAMB syllabus for Physical and Health Education

The latest JAMB syllabus for Physical and Health Education 2024/2025 is now online. The Joint Admission and Matriculation Board (JAMB) released this syllabus to assist students in getting ready for their upcoming Unified Tertiary Matriculation Examination (UTME).

Objectives of JAMB Syllabus For Physical and Health Education

The JAMB syllabus for Physical and Health Education 2024/2025 is designed to help the candidates get ready for the Board’s examination and to assess their comprehension, knowledge, and skills in the following aspects of the subject:

  • The structure and functions of the human body
  • The principles and practices of sports and physical education
  • The methods and benefits of health promotion and education
  • The procedures and importance of emergency, safety, and first aid management

Topics Under JAMB Syllabus for Physical and Health Education

Section A: Bedrock and Principles of Physical and Health Education

Principles, Scope, Meaning, and Philosophy of Physical Education (PE)

  • Definition, nature, scope, and objectives.
  • Philosophy of the Founding Fathers of PE (Dudley Sergent, Thomas Wood, Hetherington, John Dewey).
  • History and Development of PE in ancient Greece (Sparta, Athens) and Rome.
  • Pre-colonial: colonial and post-colonial eras.
Objectives

Candidates should be able to:

  • State the meaning, objectives, nature, and scope of PE.
  • Narrate the philosophy of the Founding Fathers.
  • Trace the archival development of PE in ancient Greece, Rome, and Nigeria.
  • Trace the origin and development of the historical Greek festivals (Pythian, Isthmian, Nemian, and the Olympian).

Philosophy, Objectives, and Settings of Health Education

  • Meaning, philosophy, and objectives of Health Education
  • Settings of Health Education
    • Home-based
    • School-based
    • Community-based
    • Health facility-based
  • Meaning of Health Promotion
Objectives

Candidates should be able to:

  • Define health education.
  • State the objectives and philosophy of health education.
  • Differentiate between the meanings of Health Education and Health Promotion.

Section B: Physiology and Human Anatomy in Relation to PHE

Cells

  • Tissues and Systems of the Human Body
  • Functions and structure of a typical human cell
  • Types of cell and tissue
  • Muscle and nerve
  • Cell division and differentiation; mitosis, and meiosis
    Organs and systems of the human body.
Objectives

Candidates should be able to:

  • Identify cell structures and their functions
  • Identify types of cells: tissue: organ, and system in humans;
    Differentiate between mitosis and meiosis
  • Explain cell differentiation
  • List organs and systems in the human body.

Skeletal System

  • Axial and appendicular skeletons and their function
  • Bones and joints are involved in the movement.
    1. Structure and types of bone
    2. Structure and types of joints
    3. Movements at the joints
Objectives

Candidates should be able to:

  • Identify the structure and functions of the human skeleton.
  • Find out what kinds of bones are in the human skeleton.
  • Differentiate types of joints using appropriate examples.
  • Identify the different types of movement permitted at joints.

Muscular System

  • Major muscles of the body and functions.
  • Isometric and Isotonic contractions.

Objectives

Candidates should be able to:

  • Identify, by location and name, the major muscles in humans.
  • State the functions of major muscles in humans.
  • Differentiate between isometric and isotonic contractions.

Nervous System and Sense Organs

  • The functions and structures of the central nervous system (Spinal Cord and Brain).
  • Types of nerves – voluntary and involuntary (simple and reflex action).
  • Structure and functions of the sense organs.
  • Skin (tactile touch)
  • Nose (olfactory Smell)
  • Tongue (taste)
  • Ear (auditory, hearing)
  • Eye (sight)
Objectives

Candidates should be able to:

  • Identify the makeup of the central nervous system.
  • Explain the role of the central nervous system in the body.
  • State the types of nerve.
  • Describe reflex action with specific examples.
  • Describe the makeup of the sense organs and their functions.

Circulation System

  • Functions and structure of the heart and vessels.
  • Composition and functions of blood
  • Types of blood circulation (Systemic and pulmonary)
Objectives

Candidates should be able to:

  • Draw and label the heart.
  • Compare the specific functions of the veins, arteries, and capillaries.
  • Identify the components of blood
  • State the functions of blood
  • Describe the systemic and pulmonary circulations

Respiratory System

  • Structure and functions of the respiratory organs – nose, trachea, and lungs.
  • Process of respiration – respiration and expiration Tissue and cellular respiration
Objectives

Candidates should be able to:

  • Describe the makeup of the respiratory organs and state their roles.
  • Explain the processes of respiration and expiration.
  • Explain cellular and tissue respiration.

Excretory System

  • Structure and functions of the kidney
  • Skin and excretory functions of lungs
  • Formation of excretory products —urine, sweat, and carbon dioxide.
Objectives

Candidates should be able to:

  • Identify the structure of the kidney.
  • State the functions of the skin, kidney, and excretory functions of the lungs.
  • Explain the processes of sweat, urine, and carbon dioxide formation.

Somatotypes and Posture

  • Description of endomorph: mesomorph and ectomorph.
  • Relationship between body types and physical activities.
  • Definition and characteristics of the correct posture.
  • Types of the postural defect – flatfoot, scoliosis, kyphosis, and lordosis;
  • Causes and corrective measures of postural defects.
Objectives

Candidates should be able to:

  • Describe the various body types.
  • Relate body types to the performance of physical activities
  • Define the characteristics of good posture.
  • Explain the types of postural defects.
  • State the sources of postural defects: for example, accidents, poor habits, heredity, and disease.
  • Explain the part of the exercise: good habits, nutrition, and medical intervention in correcting postural defects.

Section C: Theory of Practice of Sports Games

Athletics (Track and Field Events)

  • Track Events
    1. Short distance races/sprints -50m: 100m: 200m: 400m: hurdles and relay races. Sprints start medium and elongated.
    2. Visual and non-visual baton take-over zone in the relay.
    3. Distancing in high and low hurdle events and Flight over hurdles.
    4. The staff stride and finish in middle distance races -1OOm and 1500m.
    5. The stan stride and finish in long-distance races -3000m, 5000m, and 10000m. marathon and cross-country.
    6. Rules: regulation and officiating.
Objectives

Candidates should be able to:

  • Identify the competitions that comprise the shot distance sprint races.
  • Differentiate the visual and non-visual types of baton take-over
  • Explain the relay take-over zone.
  • Explain the different distances and clearance hurdling; describe the staff: the stride and finish in middle and long-distance races.
  • Name the events which make up the middle-distance and long-distance races.
  • Differentiate the regulations, rules, and officiating applicable to each track event.

Field Events

  • Throwing events: discus, javelin, and shotput
    1. Facilities and equipment with specifications, styles, and techniques
    2. Rule, officiating, and regulations.
    3. Safety measures.
  • Jumping events, high jump, and long jump
    1. Jump, pole vault, and triple jump
    2. Facilities and equipment with specifications, Style, and techniques.
    3. Rule, regulations, and officiating.
Objectives

Candidates should be capable of the following:

  • Naming the events which make up throwing and jumping events.
  • Identity of various facilities, equipment, and specifications.
  • Explaining the styles and techniques in throwing and jumping events.
  • Explaining the rules and regulations in throwing and jumping events.
  • Discussing safety precautions m throwing events.

Ball Games -Football and basketball

  • Skills in football and basketball.
  • Facilities and equipment in football and basketball.
  • Regulations, rules, and officiating in football and basketball.
Objectives

Candidates should be capable of the following:

  • Describing the skills in football and basketball.
  • Identifying various facilities and equipment in football and basketball.
  • Identifying the officials of the games of football and basketball and their functions.
  • Distinguish between the rules and regulations of football and basketball.

Racket Games —Table Tennis and Badminton

  • Skills in table tennis and badminton
  • Specification of equipment and facilities in table tennis and badminton.
  • Regulation, rules, and officiating in table tennis and badminton.
Objectives

Candidates should be capable of the following:

  • Describing the skills m table tennis and badminton.
  • Identifying various facilities and equipment in table tennis and badminton.
  • Identifying the officials in table tennis and badminton and stating their functions.
  • Distinguishing between the regulations and rules of table tennis and badminton.

Physical Fitness

  • Definition of physical fitness
  • Components of physical fitness —health-related and performance skill-related.
  • Benefits of physical activity and exercise.
Objectives

Candidates should be able to:

  • Define physical fitness.
  • Outline and explain the components of physical fitness.
  • Give examples of health-related performance and skill-related components.
  • Name the benefits of physical activity and exercise.

Section D: Food Nutrition and Drugs

Food

  • Classes, sources, and importance of food nutrients.
  • Definition and composition of a balanced diet.
  • Diet plan for pregnant women, adolescents, children, athletes, and the aged.
  • Food preservation, hygiene, preservation, and storage.
Objectives

Candidates should be capable of the following:

  • Indicating the sources and importance of the various classes of food nutrients.
  • Defining a balanced diet and stating its importance.
  • Drawing up and specifying dietary requirements for different groups of people.
  • Explaining methods for food preparation, preservation, and storage.
  • Explaining the principles of food hygiene.

Nutrition

  • Definition and nutritional values of beverages.
  • Common nutritional deficiencies and their remedies.
  • Importance of water in human nutrition.
Objectives

Candidates should be capable of the following:

  • Defining nutrition and stating the nutritional values of beverages
  • Stating the common nutritional deficiencies and their remedies.
  • Highlighting the importance of water in human nutrition.

Drugs

  • Meaning and types —stimulants, narcotics, hallucinogens, sedatives, and ergogenic aids.
  • Use, misuse, and abuse.
  • Causes and methods for preventing drug abuse and misuse.
  • Effects of drug abuse, misuse, and self-medication on the body.
Objectives

Candidates should be able to:

  • Define drugs and state the types.
  • Differentiate between drug abuse and abuse.
  • State causes and prevention measures of drug misuse and abuse.
  • Explain the effects of drug misuse.
  • Abuse and self-medication on the body.

Section E: Physical Fitness and Conditioning Programmes

Conditioning Programme

  • Aerobic program
  • Anaerobic program
  • Strength training program
  • Endurance training program
Objectives

Candidates should be capable of the following:

  • Distinguishing between aerobic and anaerobic programs.
  • Distinguishing between strength and endurance training programs.

First Aid

  • Definition of first aid.
  • Principles and aims of first aid.
  • Qualities of a first aider.
  • First aid box and its contents.
  • Common injuries requiring first aid include dislocations, wounds, cuts, sprains, strain, and fractures.
  • Special conditions that require first aid include burns, shock, bleeding, scald, and poisoning.
Objectives

Candidates should be capable of the following:

  • Define first aid.
  • Stating the principles and aims of first aid.
  • Outlining the qualities of a first aider.
  • Listing the contents of the first aid box and its uses.
  • Identifying types of common Injuries.
  • Identifying types of common conditions that require first aid.

Recreation and Leisure

  • Definition and significance of recreation, work, leisure, and rest.
  • Types of recreational activities
    • Outdoor — swimming, cycling, hiking, watching birds, camping, jogging, picnicking.
    • Indoor — video games, playing musical instruments, billiards, card games, watching TV, computer games, Ayo, and draught.
  • Differences between competitive sports and recreational activities.
Objectives

Candidates should be capable of the following:

  • Differentiating among recreation, leisure: work, and rest.
  • Stating the Importance of recreation: leisure: work, and rest.
  • Indicate types of recreation and give examples of each.
  • Differentiating between recreational activities and competitive sports.
  • State safety measures in recreation.

Dance

  • Definition and importance of dance.
  • Traditional dances and dance steps from various parts of Nigeria.
  • Costumes for the various traditional dances in Nigeria.
Objectives

Candidates should be able to:

  • Define dance and state its importance.
  • Identify traditional dances from various parts of Nigeria.
  • Describe the dance steps for various traditional dances in Nigeria.
  • Identify the costumes for the various traditional dances.

Section F: First Aid and Safety Education

Safety Education

  • Meaning and types of accident and disaster.
  • Causes and prevention of accidents and disasters.
  • Disaster relief activities.
  • Safety at home, workplace, school, and community.
Objectives

Candidates should be able to:

  • Define accident and disaster.
  • Identify types of accidents and disasters.
  • State the causes and prevention of accidents and disasters.
  • Identify various disaster relief activities.
  • Explain safety measures at home, workplace, school, and community.

Section G: National and International Sports Competitions

Sports Competitions at the National Level

  • Types of competition
    • Different Sports Federations Associations organize national sports competitions.
    • National sports competitions organized by Corporate Organizations
    • Importance of the National Sports Festival.
  • Organization and administration of sports competitions.
Objectives

Candidates should be able to:

  • Identify by name: sports competitions organized by sports Federations Association and corporate organizations.
  • State the Importance of the National Sports Festival.
  • Highlight the organizational and administrative structure of sports competitions in Nigeria.

Names and roles of institutional games

  • The University Games (NUGA)
  • The Polytechnic Games (NIPOGA)
  • The Colleges of Education Games (NATCEGA)
  • National School Sports Games (OTSSF)
Objectives

Candidates should be able to:

  • State the names and roles of the different institutional games.

International Sports Competitions and the Governing Bodies

  • All Africa Games
    • History and evolution of All Africa Games
    • Aims of All Africa Games
  • International sports governing bodies Names and administrative structure of SCSA IOC: FIFA: IAAF: ISSF: FIBA: ITTF: BWF.
Objectives

Candidates should be able to:

  • Narrate the history and evolution of the All-Africa Games.
  • Identify the alms of the All-Africa Games.
  • Identify by name: international sports governing bodies.
  • Describe the administrative structure of international governing bodies.

Section H: Corrective and Adapted Physical Education Program

  • Meaning and types of disability and special.
  • Adapted physical activities for people with disabilities and special needs.
  • Social and emotional problems of people with special needs.
  • Prevention of disability.
  • Corrective exercises to rehabilitate people with special needs.
Objectives

Candidates should be able to:

  • Define disability and describe people with special needs.
  • Identify types of disability and special needs.
  • Identify physical activities for people with disabilities and special needs.
  • State the social and emotional problems of people With disabilities.
  • State preventive measures of disability.
  • State corrective exercises to rehabilitate people with special needs.

Section I: Personal, Community, and Environmental Health

Personal Health

  • Meaning and importance of personal health.
    • Meaning of personal health.
    • Importance of personal health.
  • Personal Hygiene care for various body parts (teeth: mouth, hair, skin, hands, and nails)
    • Method of promotion and maintenance of personal health —exercise, nutrition, regular and medical check-up.
  • Personal health screening
    • Eye defects and their corrections —myopia, hypermetropia, and astigmatism.
    • Auditory defects and their corrections (Otistls media and partial deafness).
    • Dental diseases (dental canes and gingivitis)
Objectives

Candidates should be able to:

  • Define personal health and state its Importance.
  • Differentiate the care of various parts of the body.
  • State the methods of promoting and maintaining personal health.
  • State the outcome of personal health screening for the eye, ear, and dental.

Community Health

  • Community health services —providers of health services (orthodox services, traditional services —bone setters, bill attendance)
  • Various aspects of family health —maternal and child health (ante-natal care:
    Immunization: oral rehydration therapy: breastfeeding and safe motherhood).
  • Aging and death education

Characteristics of elderly persons

  • Ways of relating with the elderly
  • Common causes of death
Objectives

Candidates should be able to:

  • Differentiate between orthodox and traditional health services.
  • Differentiate among various aspects of maternal and child health services.
  • Identify the characteristics of elderly persons and state how they relate to them.
  • Identify common causes of death.

Environmental Health

  • Housing
    • Characteristics of good housing, Ventilation, lighting, and sanitation
    • Town planning regulations (spacing, overcrowding)
  • Water Supply
    • Importance and sources
    • Methods of purification
  • Waste disposal
    • Types – refuge, sewage
    • Methods
  • Pollution
    • Meaning and types —air, water, soil, and noise.
    • Prevention and control.
  • Pest and vector control
    • Differences between pest and vector and their habits.
    • Harmful effects of pest and vector.
    • Prevention and control.
Objectives

Candidates should be able to:

  • State the characteristics of good housing.
  • State the town planning regulations.
  • State the importance of water supply and list the sources.
  • Explain methods of water purification and differentiate between refuse and sewage disposal methods.
  • Define pollution and state its types.
  • Outline the prevention and control measures of pollution.
  • Differentiate between pests and vectors and state their habits.
  • Explain the harmful effects of pests and vectors and highlight their prevention and control measures.

Section J: Communicable and Non-Communicable Diseases

Disease — Meaning and Causes

Communicable Diseases

  • Definition
  • Classification of communicable diseases
    1. Air-borne Respiratory diseases —measles, whooping cough, poliomyelitis, tuberculosis, and cerebrospinal meningitis.
    2. Water Food-borne diseases —dysentery, cholera, typhoid fever.
    3. Insect-borne diseases —malaria, yellow fever, trypanosomiasis.
    4. Worm infections —ascaris lumbricoides
      (tape worm): ancylastomaduodenale (hook worm): dracunculusmedinensis
      (gumea worm).
    5. Animal-borne diseases —rabies, leptospirosis.
    6. Contact diseases —gonorrhea, syphilis, taeniacapitis (ringworm), leprosy, and Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS).
  • Presentation and control measures — immunization, sterilization, and isolation.
Objectives

Candidates should be able to:

  • Define disease and state the causes.
  • Define communicable disease and state its classification With examples.
  • Highlight the prevention and control measures of communicable diseases.

Non-communicable diseases

  • Definition
  • Diseases —hypertension, sickle cell, cancer, epilepsy, ulcer, asthma, and diabetes.
Objectives

Candidates should be able to:

  • Define non-communicable diseases with examples.
  • Highlight the prevention and control measures of non-communicable diseases.

Section K: Family Life and Human Sexuality Education

Family

  • Definition and types
    1. Definition
    2. Types —Nuclear family (monogamous, polygamous, Single parent family, family by adoption) and Extended family.
  • Characteristics of a happy family
Objectives

Candidates should be able to:

  • Define the family and explain its types.
  • State the characteristics of a happy family.

Human Sexuality Education

  • Meaning and importance
  • Reproductive health rights —rights to a number of children, consent to marry, gender equality, and privacy.
Objectives

Candidates should be able to:

  • Explain human sexuality and state its importance.
  • Highlight reproductive health rights.

Family Planning

  • Definition and importance
  • The advantages and disadvantages of various family planning methods include condoms, pills, uterine devices, and abstinence.
  • Challenges of families in Nigeria —pre-marital sex, extramarital sex, and widowhood.
  • Agencies promoting healthy family living schools, NGOs, and religious homes.
Objectives

Candidates should be able to:

  • Define family planning and state its importance.
  • Identify the various methods of family planning and state their advantages.
  • State the challenges facing family life.
  • Identify agencies promoting healthy family living.

PDF Download of JAMB Syllabus For Physical and Health Education 2024/2025

You can now download the JAMB Physical and Health Education syllabus as you prepare for your exams.

Conclusion

The JAMB syllabus for Physical and Health Education 2024/2025 helps you concentrate on the topics to study as you prepare for the upcoming JAMB exams.

You can be confident that 99% of the questions asked during the exams will come from the syllabus.

Make sure you download the syllabus pdf file. Also, share this post with your friends to help them excel in their exams.

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